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Turkey

List of Documents/Authorizations

Documents required to start a fish farm in Turkey

1. Application

The procedures and principles for the evaluation of the applications are given below (Art. 6):

a) Entrepreneurs who want to establish an aquaculture business must apply to the relevant Provincial Directorate and obtain permission from the Central Organization of the Ministry.

b) The entrepreneurs who want to establish fish farms, apply to the Provincial Directorate with a written statement (Annex 1.1.) by adding to a 1/25000 scaled field map on which the place where the facility will be established is marked. Provincial Directorate conducts a local investigation within 15 days by a technical team to be formed. It is ensured that water samples are duly taken from the water source or production sites to be used in the aquaculture facility, and necessary analyzes are carried out by the investor in the certified laboratory designated by the Ministry. If the analyses are all positive and acceptable for water quality, water surface, land and other criteria (i,e, depth of water, distance between plants, appropriate aquaculture techniques and environmental effects) determined by the Central Organization of the Ministry, for all inland water and marine farming facilities need to prepare ” Preliminary Study Report “(Annex 1.2), and farms with hatcheries has to prepare “Hatchery Preliminary Study Report” (Annex 1.3) together with Attachment -2, A sketch showing the location of the facility, water source, road and settlement status of other facilities and the distances related to them, is also prepared and added to the preliminary study report(s) by the Provincial Directorate.

Provincial Directorate demands preliminary permission for the applicant from Central Organization of the Ministry by handling all documents; 1/25000 scaled map of the facility will be established, with the application statement of the investor, water analysis result report, sketch and other documents to be provided by the investor(Annex 1.4) together with the appropriate opinion of the Provincial Directorate (Additional last sentence: OJ-30/5/2009-27243) Procedures related to the preliminary permit requests are finalized within twenty one days by the Ministry.

c) Eight months of period from the date of application is given to the investor to provide all of the documents for preliminary permit (Annex 1.4) by the Provincial Directorate, If the essential documents could not be completed within this period, the application of the investor is removed from the transaction, However, if the reasoned request of the applicant is deemed appropriate, an additional period may be given by the Provincial Directorate in accordance with the reason.

d) If there are more than one application for farming in the same area both in marine and inland waters, other applications are kept for evaluation until the first application is concluded, If the first application does not take place, other applications are evaluated according to the order of application.

e) If it is the first application for fish production in net cages in dam lakes, the opinion of the General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works is taken by the Central Organization of the Ministry and the transactions are carried out accordingly.

2. Preliminary Permission

Article 7 – General provisions regarding the preliminary permission for the establishment of aquaculture plant are described below:

a) In case of completing the procedures in Article 6, the entrepreneur is given a twelve-month pre-authorization by the Ministry’s Central Organization and/or Provincial Directorate to prepare his project, During this period, the preliminary permission of the entrepreneur who does not prepare his project and deliver it to the Provincial Directorate is canceled by the Ministry’s Central Organization upon the proposal of the Provincial Directorate, However, if the reasoned request of the entrepreneur who declares an excuse on this matter is notified to the central organization of the Ministry with the approval of the Provincial Directorate, an additional period may be given by the Ministry’s Central Organization.

b) When the entrepreneurs who have received a preliminary permit or who are in the stage of obtaining a preliminary permit, wants to make changes in their previous applications, they apply to the Provincial Directorate with a petition (Annex 1.5), Subsequent transactions are carried out in accordance with the principles laid down in Articles 6 and 7, Considering the nature of the requested change, documents that have been previously supplied by the operator and are still valid, new ones are not required from the operator, However, the first application date is taken as the application date.

c) Entrepreneurs who have applied for a preliminary permit and whose transactions are still in progress and those who have received a preliminary permit cannot transfer their rights to another entrepreneur.

3. Project Approval

Article 8 – General provisions regarding approval of fish farming projects are described below:

a) Entrepreneurs who want to establish a fish farm and get preliminary permission must have their projects approved by the Ministry’s Central Organization and / or Provincial Directorate.

b) While preparing the project, the project preparation instruction and disposition determined by the central organization of the Ministry are taken as basis, Discovery-quantity charts of the application project prepared by real and legal persons authorized to prepare the project are calculated by considering the increase rate to be announced by the Ministry of Public Works and Settlement, if these prices are not disclosed. The project is delivered in five copies to the Provincial Directorate for approval. Entrepreneurs are obliged to add a notarized copy of the specification regarding the project subject, sent to the Provincial Directorates by the central organization of the Ministry in each project copy.

c) For the approval of the projects of fish farms, the condition of conformity with the relevant provisions of the “Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation” is sought and the document confirming that this requirement is met is added to the project,

d) Approval authorities of aquaculture projects to be implemented in seas and inland waters are determined by circulars to be prepared by the central organization of the Ministry,

e) For the projects whose approval authority is the Provincial Directorate, a copy of the project remains at the Provincial Directorate, and another copy is sent to the Central Organization of the Ministry within fifteen days after the date of approval. If there is a lease for the projects approved by the provincial directorate, the lease offer is made to the relevant institution together with the project and the Ministry’s central organization is informed as a result. The other two copies of the approved project are given to the investor.

g) Authorization to approve: After the projects approved by the Central Organization of the Ministry, one copy is kept in the Central Organization of the Ministry, If the lease for the approved project is in question, one copy of the project is sent to the Provincial Directorate in order to be used during the application to be made for the lease, two copies are given to the operator and one copy is kept in the archive of the Provincial Directorate.

4. Aquaculture Certificate

The procedures and principles to be applied in issuing aquaculture certificate to fish farms are explained below (Article p):

a) After completing the water and / or area rental operations for the aquaculture plant and / or hatchery and starting production, an application is made to the provincial directorate within a month to obtain the Aquaculture Certificate and / or Aquaculture Hatchery Certificate, Within fifteen days after the application, an inspection report is issued by the Provincial Directorates, and the Aquaculture Certificate (Annex 1.6/a) and / or Aquaculture Hatchery Certificate (Annex 1.6/b) is sent to the Ministry’s Central Organization together with the audit report to be approved. The procedures regarding the approval of the Aquaculture Certificate are finalized within twenty days,

b) “Aquaculture Certificate” is issued one for each facility. The approved original document is given to the operator; a certified copy of each is filed in the Central Organization of the Ministry and the Provincial Directorate,

c) The copy of the certificate is hanging on in a place where easily visible in the administrative building of the facility,

d) In case of project change, project transfer, name change, etc,, in order to issue the Aquaculture Certificate suitable for the new situation by canceling the old certificate, after the allocation procedures completed to the new investor, a new “Aquaculture Certificate” (Annex 1.6 / a and b) issued in accordance with the new situation are sent to the Central Organization of the Ministry together with the “Audit Report”,

e) Aquaculture Certificates of fish farms, whose activities are terminated for any reason, are sent to the Central Organization of the Ministry by the Provincial Directorates for cancellation,

f) The entrepreneurs who will interrupt production for any reason shall apply to the Provincial Directorate by attaching the original of the certificate document to their statement explaining the reason and duration of the break, Originals of the breeding documents of these facilities are kept in the Provincial Directorates until the facility in question starts production again, Central Organization of the Ministry is informed by the Provincial Directorates about the situation in question,

g) Entrepreneurs apply to the Provincial Directorate within one year from the date of publication of this Regulation to replace the certificate documents previously issued by the Ministry’s Central Organization and / or Provincial Directorate,

h) Entrepreneurs are required to apply to the Provincial Directorates to get visa for their aquaculture certificates in every three years,

ı) Due to administrative and technical problems, if the documents regarding the renewal or visa issuance of the farms cannot be supplied and the reasoned request of the operator is relevant, the breeding certificate can be visa or renewed,

If the documents regarding the renewal or visa issuance of the fish farm cannot be supplied due to administrative and technical problems, and the reasoned request of the investor is relevant, the aquaculture certificate can be approved for visa or renewed.

5. Cancellation of the Project

Article 10 defines general provisions requiring cancellation of aquaculture plant projects are as follows:

a) Regarding the establishment of the fish farm, completion of leasing procedures is essential to invest and start production within one year after the last completed lease transaction by accepting as the start date, the project is canceled. If the entrepreneur’s reasoned request and this request is found appropriate by the Central Organization of the Ministry, this period is extended for one time only. If the period is exceeded, the cancellation of the projects is made by the Provincial Directorate if approval is done by the provincial directorate and notified to the Central Organization of the Ministry, Approval of the projects done by the Central Organization of the Ministry is done by this central organization upon the proposal of the Provincial Directorate,

b) Exceeding the period stated in item (a) due to any environmental, physical and chemical factors or natural disasters, which may have a negative effect on aquaculture, or which may be understood later, is not considered as a reason for project cancellation. In this case, the investor is given a six-month decision-making period, and the project is canceled after six months if a new proposal is not received from the entrepreneur with the solution to eliminate the restrictive situation or change the location, If an activity proposal is received to eliminate this restrictive situation and this proposed activity is deemed appropriate, an additional time sufficient for the proposed application is given. In the six-month decision-making period, if the entrepreneur proposes changes to the project, the provisions of Article 11 of this Regulation are applied. The decision authority regarding the projects covered by this article is the authority that approved the project,

c) In case the fishing grounds are rented with a project for fish farming procedures for the cancellation of project is carried out by the Central Organization of the Ministry, if the promised investments to be made for each year in the proposed and approved plan are not fulfilled without reason, even one year after of that year based with the report prepared by the Provincial Directorate,

d) If the lease contract is terminated due to the entrepreneur’s failure to fulfill his obligations, project certificates are also canceled. Cancellation of the projects whose are approved by the Provincial Directorate are made by the Provincial Directorate and notified to the Central Organization of the Ministry. If approval is done by the Central Organization of the Ministry cancellation is also done by the same organization.

6. Modifications in the Project

The procedures and principles to be applied in case of changes in aquaculture projects are as follows (Art.11):

a) The entrepreneurs who want to make any changes in their projects such as the type, location, capacity and area increase/decrease, and setting up an additional unit and change of location should apply to the Provincial Directorate where the facilities are located (Annex 1.7), Regarding these applications, transactions are made in accordance with the principles stated in the 6th, 7th and 8th articles,

b) Considering the nature of the requested change, the documents that have been previously supplied by the investor and if they are still valid are not requested from the applicant again,

c) New project is required for any change of species while revised project is requested to install additional units and capacity increase / decrease, No project is requested for space increase / decrease and relocation of the farm realized with the documents related to the navigation and rentals, In cases where capacity increase / decrease and space increase / decrease are involved, both revised project documents related to navigation and rentals are requested,

d) The entrepreneurs are subject to have permission about any changes that will not spoil the merits of their approved projects (shape, size and number of cages / ponds, biological characteristics of farmed species apart from the changes during the establishment of the fish farm or at post production stage, and have the site plan suitable for the new situation. The authorization and approval authority for these changes is the authority that approves the project,

e) After the aquaculture projects are approved, the entrepreneurs are obliged to apply to the Provincial Directorates with a petition for their changes in their annual production planning, If the requests for changes are deemed appropriate by the provincial directorates, this will be notified to the Ministry within 15 (fifteen) days.

7. Obligatory Location Changes

There might be obligatory location changes of the farms due to outsider reasons (Article 12).  In case of notification from the Ministry’s Central Organization and / or the Provincial Directorate due to legal, technical, security and similar compulsory reasons, entrepreneur should apply with a petition (Annex 1.8) to the Provincial Directorate at the place where their facilities will be moved, at the latest one month, Documents related to transfer and new settlement plan are provided in case of compulsory place changes to be made without changing the size of surface area and / or capacity increase / decrease provided that they are within the same city borders, Other transactions are evaluated within the scope of the relocation of the projects and are carried out in accordance with the principles in Article 11, In case of the compulsory relocation requires moving to an area within the boundaries of other provinces, the transactions are carried out in accordance with the principles in Article 11.

8. Trial Production

The general provisions regarding the trial production to be applied in the aquaculture farms are stated in Article 13 of the Regulation as:

a) The entrepreneurs who want to make trial production in a part of their existing facilities apply with a petition containing a detailed report including the purpose, reason, material, method and duration related to the trial production, Such applications are forwarded to the Central Organization of the Ministry by the Provincial Directorate by specifying their opinion, The authority to allow trial production belongs to the Central Organization of the Ministry.

b) Entrepreneurs whose want to make trial production without having any facilities, apply to the Provincial Directorate where the trial facilities will be established with a petition (Annex 1.9), Regarding these applications, transactions are made in accordance to the principles stated in Articles 6, 7 and 8, However, while preparing the aquaculture project, the project disposition prepared by the Central Organization of the Ministry is taken as basis.

9. Transfer of the Projects/Ownership

Article 14. The procedures and principles to be applied in the transfer processes of aquaculture plants and projects are as follows:

a) Entrepreneurs who want to transfer their aquaculture facilities to real or legal persons apply to the Provincial Directorate where their facilities are located, by submitting the documents to be determined by the Central Organization of the Ministry, with a petition (Annex 1.10).

b) Proposals related to the transfer processes of the projects which have been approved by the Ministry Central Organization are notified by the provincial directorates to the Ministry Central Organization within seven days, After the approval of the transfer process by the Ministry Central Organization, the demand for the transfer is conveyed by the provincial directorate to the institution authorized for the leasing, and then the result is reported to the Central Directorate of the Ministry by the provincial directorate. The proposals regarding the transfer processes of the projects whose project has been approved by the provincial directorate are notified to the Ministry’s Central Organization within seven days with the approval of the provincial directorate, These proposals are evaluated within fifteen days and sent to the relevant institution within seven days by the provincial directorate, if deemed appropriate by the Ministry’s Central Organization, After the transfer, the Ministry Central Organization is informed about the issue.

c) Real or legal persons who take over the project submit a notarized copy of the specification to the Provincial Directorate, A copy of the specification is sent to the central organization of the Ministry by the Provincial Directorate,

d) For the transfer of the enterprises to real or legal persons that will be engaged in aquaculture for the first time, the condition of obtaining an Aquaculture Certificate is required.

Chapter three covers the requirements for other aquaculture activities

10. Employment of technical staff

Chapter six aims to organize technical staff employment in fish farm. The provisions regarding the employment of technical personnel in aquaculture plants are as follows (Article 20):

a) In fish farms, depending on their production capacity, at least 4 years of faculty graduates who have education on aquaculture or those who have worked in the public for at least 5 (five) years are employed as technical personnel provided that they document their status (Amended: 15/10/2005 – 25967 Article 7). The number of technical staff to be employed in the facilities is determined by the circulars to be prepared by the central organization of the Ministry, taking into account their production capacities. One of the technical staff employed is assigned as “Technical Responsible Manager”.

b) In hatcheries, at least one technical staff is employed and regarded as “Technical Responsible Manager” regardless of capacity.

c) In the aquaculture plants or hatcheries, if the owner of the facility meets the conditions of the technical personnel whose characteristics are stated in item (a) of this article, this operator is considered as the technical personnel.

d) Fish farms and hatcheries, technical personnel employment and technical responsible manager appointments that are currently in operation, shall notify the Provincial Directorate within six months by filling the “Technical Responsible Manager Appointment and Technical Personnel Employment Form”( Attachment -10),

e) Fisheries aquaculture facilities and hatcheries to be established will fulfill their obligations regarding the employment of technical personnel and appointment of a technical responsible manager during their application to the Aquaculture Certificate,

 f) As the production capacity, which is accepted as the basis for the employment of technical personnel, issued before the issuance of a breeding certificate for enterprises that have just started production; For the enterprises currently in production, the production amount in the most recent audit report belonging to that enterprise is taken from the annual audit reports, In the following years, the production capacity, which is periodically prepared every year, is taken as the basis for production capacity, which is considered as the basis for the employment of technical personnel.


Financing opportunities/tools/instruments available for the aquaculture sector in Turkey

  1. Agricultural Bank (Aquaculture and Fisheries Loans) Credit supports

Agriculture Bank is a state-owned bank in Turkey. Besides agricultural support loans, Ziraat Bank serves citizens in all financial transactions.

Commercial Credits:

Real persons and companies of which have invested on fisheries and aquaculture activities may apply for fishery credits (aquaculture in sea, lakes, ponds; fishing in the sea and inland waters) for investment and operation. Fisheries loans are the credits allocated to the producers farming fish in cages in the sea and in soil and concrete ponds in inland waters (trout, sea bream, sea bass, etc.), and fishing industry in the seas for financing their investment and operational activities.

Fisheries credits for fish farming and fishing cover to supply juvenile fish, feed, medicine, fuel, labor, boat repair, all kinds of fishing and aquaculture tools and equipment, cold air storage, motor boat, fishing vessel fishing nets, etc.

Subsidized Loan Applications:

In order to support investments on selected sectors, it has been decided by the attached decision signed by the President, Ziraat Bank and Agricultural Credit Cooperatives are assigned to implement the Decision on the Use of Low Interest Investment and Business Loans for Agricultural Production pursuant to Articles 3 of Law No, 4603 and Articles 1 of Law No, 5570.

The upper limit of the loan provided by Agriculture Bank in aquaculture business was doubled in 2020 compared to the previous year, reaching 10 million TL, Interest rates are applied in two ways as “INVESTMENT” and “OPERATION” period.

After the interest rate discounts. Ziraat’s current 10% interest rate decreases annually by 5% for both periods. On a monthly basis, this rate corresponds to 5/12 = 0,41%, Of course, if you are a young farmer under the age of 40, or woman, in addition to the information above, for women investing in aquaculture, this rate decreases to by 0,16% per month and 2 % per year.

https://www.ziraatbank.com.tr/en/corporate/loans/agricultural-sector/animal-husbandry-and-aquaculture-loans/aquaculture-loans

  • KOSGEB  Grant Incentives

Entrepreneurs can take advantage of KOSGEB grant incentives, regardless of what kind of fishing activity they conduct; importing seafood or exporting domestic fish from the nature or farms, KOSGEB supports everyone who sets up or will start a business as a production partner, by providing the conditions.

 Sectors to be supported by KOSGEB funds

Nace
Code
Sectors
10.2 Processing and storage of fish, shellfish and mollusks
46.38 Wholesale trade of foods including fish, shellfish and mollusks
47.23 Retail trade of fish, crustaceans and mollusks in stores dedicated to a particular property

The “Entrepreneurship Support Program” created by KOSGEB for entrepreneurs who want to get support to open a new business has been redesigned from the beginning of 2020, as “Entrepreneurship Development Support Program”, which is now its new main name, includes grant support between 60000 TL and 370000 TL. According to the business model will be established, all entrepreneurs who will start a new business can benefit from these supports.

KOSGEB Entrepreneurship Development Support Program covers 2 kinds of support:

1.   Traditional Entrepreneur Support

2.   Advanced Entrepreneur Support

The only form that does not change is the “Applied Entrepreneurship Training”, which is the first condition of the application to both programs. However, radical changes were made in these trainings. The most striking one is the training given over the Internet with “Distance Education” technology. Whether it is “Formal” or “Distance Education”, it has become much easier to get an entrepreneurship certificate. However, while taking these trainings, “Distance Education” period was kept a little longer for those who will receive “Advanced Entrepreneurship Support”.

KOSGEB Traditional Entrepreneurship Support Program:

It is dedicated to applicants who will start a new business. The program takes place under 2 forms. These are;

  • Businesses Established by Real Persons
  • Enterprises Established in the Capital Company Status

The business ideas of those who will establish businesses within these two sectors must include the business ideas within the KOSGEB supported Sectors and NACE codes. Applicants must apply the KOSGEB support program if the business idea is not included in the “MANUFACTURING” sector. But if the business idea is within the “MANUFACTURE” sector in the NACE codes of KOSGEB, then the program needed to be applied is the “Advanced Entrepreneur Support” program.

While the program provides support for the expenses that previously received for work, machinery and rentals, it now provides support according to the insured premium that applicants employ with the majority,

Businesses Established by Real Persons: (within 1 to 12 months)

As a first establishment support of the workplace, applicant will be given a grant of 5000 TL without question,

According to the SSI  premium payments, the workers of the applicant have worked for between 1 and 12 months are given a grant of up to 20000 TL after 12 months. The number of these premium days can be easily calculated. Since there are 365 days in a year but on average 249 days are the working days. If the farm employs 1 person in 1 year, farmer will receive 5000 TL more at the end of the year,

If farm is operated within periods, applicant will receive 10000 TL. If 4 people employed in periods, applicant will receive 20000 TL grant at the end of that year.

If applicant is younger than 30 years old, or disabled, or female, veteran and martyred, applicant will receive a grant of + 5000 TL after 1 to 12 months.

Thus, if applicant catch the highest premium day at the end of 1 to 12 months after the 5000 TL for the workplace establishment, then he will receive a grant of 20000 TL and a total of 30000 TL in the first year by receiving a grant of + 5000 TL if he is younger than the age of 30 or disabled, veteran or female relative (If you are a company, you will receive a grant of 35000 TL and + 5000 TL establishment support, which was given in the first year).

Businesses Established by Real Persons: (within 12 to 24 months)

If the applicant is disabled person, a relative of a martyr, an entrepreneur under the age of 30, a woman or a veteran, you will receive a grant of + 5000 TL after 12 to 24 months.

According to the number of day premiums for the staff employed, applicant will receive a maximum of 20000 TL at the end of 12 to 24 months.

Accordingly, if the applicant is a private company, after 24 months a grant of 55000 TL in 2 years, with a maximum of 25000 TL will be received. However, if the investment belongs to Capital Company, applicant will receive a maximum of 25000 TL grant at the end of 12 to 24 months, and a grant of 60000 TL with 35000 TL in the first year.

  KOSGEB support program

SupportReal PersonsCapital Company
Establishment support5000 TL10000TL
1st Performance period2nd Performance period
Total premium daysTotal premium days
for 180-539 days 5000 TLFor 360-1079 days 5000TL
Performance supportFor 540-1079 days 10000TL1080-1439 days 15000 TL
1080 and over 20000TL over 20000TL

KOSGEB Advanced Entrepreneur Support Program:

In order to be able to benefit from this program, applicant’s business idea should be among some of the business ideas included in the KOSGEB Supported sectors and the “MANUFACTURING” sector located in NACE codes. In addition, new entrepreneurs who have received “Advanced Entrepreneurship Training” shall benefit from “Distance Education” and “Applied Entrepreneurship Training” program. If applicant is active among these sectors and receives training, the grant amount of the business that will be given to the applicant within 1 to 24 months is the same as in the table given above. On the other hand two additional supports can be provided:

KOSGEB supports in advanced program

Type of the supportSupport amount (TL)Support rate (%)
Machinery*, equipment, software
Low, low- medium technology level10000075
Medium-high technology level200000
High technology level300000
Mentoring, consulting, business coaching
Support for consultant and business coaching1000075

      *if the machinery is made in Turkey, support has increased additional 15%

As it is seen in the table, the machinery needed to buy for the business must be in the first place for the production. In accordance with this requirement and if the applicant’s business is in the “MANUFACTURING SECTOR TABLE” grants will be given under the criteria:

  • If the technology level is “low”, a grant of 75000 TL allocated for the machine cost 100000 TL,
  • If the company at the intermediate level, a grant of 150000 TL is received for the expense of 200000 TL,
  • Although it is at a high level, 225000 TL grant is given for the cost of machinery for 300000 TL,
  • In addition, a 7500 TL grant will be paid within the 10000 TL consultancy support.

Apart from the relevant conditions for the support programs, additional requirements from the new entrepreneur are: 

  • never received any grant from KOSGEB before,
  • presentation of the business idea after “Entrepreneurship Training”,
  • Then, it is necessary to create and apply KOSGEB registration.

https://en.kosgeb.gov.tr/site/tr/genel/destekler/6308/entrepreneurship-supports

  • Insurance for Agricultural Investments (TARSIM)

In addition to the crucial role in regard to the world population, the agricultural sector is extremely sensitive field of activity with its inherent structure, featuring exclusive in economic, social, political, technological and personal risks. To this end, the effective performance in the agricultural activities in the nutrition of the human being is closely related with the management of risks threatening the agricultural production. It is therefore, the developed countries effectively implement the risk sharing and risk transfer operations under various protective policies under the general titles of; Risk Management Programs; that also accommodates; Agricultural Insurance Practices as an important part integral to such programs. In order to provide coverage for the risks threatening the agricultural industry in the country, the implementation of an insurance mechanism has been considered and for this purpose, Agricultural Insurance Code No. 5363; was enforced as of 14/06/2005. The code provides:

  • the establishment of Insurance Pool in regard to introducing standard provisions in insurance contracts to be executed to provide the coverage to the risks as referred under the Code, establishing the conditions for transferring risk under reasonable provisions, ensuring centralized payment of the indemnification upon occurrence of the risk, improving and spreading of the agricultural insurances,
  • all tasks of this Pool are carried out by Agricultural Insurance Pool Management Company which, was established with equal share of the insurance companies participating in the Pool.
  • insurance companies issue insurance policies with their own name however the risk and 100% of the premium must be transferred to Agriculture Insurance Pool. These insurance companies can optionally take share from the Pool through retrocession.
  • the Government provides premium subsidy exclusively to insurance contracts executed under the Code, in terms of the premium on behalf of the farmers. The amount of premium subsidy is determined by Council of Ministers on annual basis, with respect to the crops, risk, region and premises scale.

Agricultural Insurance Pool Board of Directors is assigned by The Code, as an administrative apparatus responsible for determining the principles and procedures of the Agricultural Insurance Pool, the loss assessment methods, executing the contract between the insurance companies wishing to take part in agricultural insurance and Agricultural Insurance Pool Management Company, observing due diligence in determining the risks the subsidy to be covered, observing the practical drawbacks and problems and proposing pertinent solutions. The Board consists of total of 7 members, two members from Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and Undersecretary of Treasury each, and one member from Association of the Insurance and Reinsurance Companies of Turkey, Union of the Agricultural Chambers of Turkey and Agricultural Insurance Pool Management Company each. The Board’s first members are assigned by Ministerial approval dated 16.1.2006 for three-year posts.

Main duties and responsibilities are:

  • To provide the insurance coverage for such catastrophe risks like drought, frost, etc., that cannot be covered by a single insurance company,
  • To expand the capacity and coverage of reinsurance by encouraging the participation to reinsurances,
  • To effectively make use of the information, human and financial resources of the insurance companies jointly,
  • To effectively make use of the Government subsidies and excess of loss Protection,
  • To prevent unfair competition in the prices,
  • To encourage the participation in Insurance.

The Mission of TARSIM is to promote, spread of Agricultural Insurance and to conduct the necessary applications fast and accurate, in order to protect the farmers against the natural disasters and other risks.

Their Vision is defined as to turn out to be an exemplary organization entrusted by the farmer, capable of providing wide range of agricultural insurance covers as possible to all kind of agricultural crops grown in all agricultural regions of the country.

Species produced in the sea and land based farms; cage and nets that are recorded in the Aquaculture Registration System (ARS) are accepted for insurance following risk analysis and assessment within the scope determined by decision of the President pursuant to Article 12 of the Agricultural Insurances Law Ref. Nr. 5363. The present insurance is effective within the framework of the following Tariff and Instructions.

More information about the coverage, indemnities, tariffs and premiums are given in Annex 3.

https://web.tarsim.gov.tr/havuz/subpageEng?_key_=6D7415BE31795E0576A7CE18FEDB4F2E782008C5HXP42L5R5V6BFF990324062015

  • Agriculture and Rural Development Support Institution (TKDK) Development Agencies

Agriculture and Rural Development Support Institution (TKDK) provides 80% grant on project basis, with the support of 75% European Union funds and 25% of Turkish Government and 80% of grant opportunities are provided to farmers in 2019 with many precaution titles. The institution provides its support within only 42 provinces (Trabzon, Rize, Samsun Ordu, Giresun and Kastamonu in the Black Sea Region).

https://www.tkdk.gov.tr/AltTedbir/su-urunlerinin-islenmesi-ve-pazarlanmasi-6?lang=en

  •  Support Premium by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

Providing the necessary conditions by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, support payments are made to those who officially continue their aquaculture activities upon their application, In this sense, the Aquaculture Support Communiqué has been issued by the MAF and supports are given to the species included the legislation, Various measures are taken for state aquaculture production, especially in issues such as fish species protection and fishing bans, Producers farming fish species determined in the communiqué are supported at the determined unit prices.

In order to benefit from aquaculture supports, it is necessary to produce the one in the listed species; such as trout, mussel, Black Sea trout, red spotted trout, fangri, synagrit, gilthead, yellowtail, yellow mouth, tilapia, eel, leech, shrimp, crayfish species, etc,, “Fish identification cards” supports are provided for fish species produced within the scope of intensive fish farming, In addition, within the scope of aquaculture, there are government grants for good agricultural practices (GAP).

The fish species supported within the scope of good agricultural practices are trout, sea bream and clam by 0,25 TL per kg, Production support is provided for those who are engaged in good agricultural practices, those who are registered in the system, those who make their applications within the application period, who submit their documents completely, those who do not produce juvenile fish and those who do not lose their right to benefit from the supports provided, and the productions made within the scope of agricultural practices are 0.25 TL per kilogram, ,

In addition, 0.25 TL are granted for those producing fish in intensive closed systems, There is no kilogram limitation in the closed system,

In order to take advantage of the support given for aquaculture, it is necessary to meet the following conditions;

  • Being farmer or member of a farmer family,
  • Operating in rural areas
  • Being a real and legal person
  • Farming the fish species and mussel
  • To have an aquaculture certificate approved by the Ministry,
  • To have received Good Agricultural Practices Certificate from organizations authorized by the Ministry (MAF),
  • To produce up to 500 thousand kilograms (There is no production limit for closed system)
  • Obligation to register in the Agricultural Information System

Fish Recognition Card Support

It is also known as label support, Applications will be made to the Provincial / District Agriculture and Forestry Directorates located in the region to be labeled, When the application is made, it is mandatory to issue a Fish Recognition Card Identification minute, However, if the farming is carried out in different provinces, two are issued and one of the documents is delivered to the provincial directorate in the region where the facility is located, The number of fish in the farm to be supported should be equal with the documents necessary for the label support. The following issues are taken into account in the calculation of labels to be supported;

  • 3 pieces per kilogram in sea bream and sea bass production,
  • 4 pieces per kilogram in trout, Black Sea trout and spotted trout farming
  • 2 pieces per kilogram of new species
  • One card is issued for over-kilogram fish farming.

Variety of supports was allocated to fish farmers to promote aquaculture production and to spread fish farming business across country.

Requests must be done to Provincial/Town Agriculture and Forestry Directorates together with the documents given below:

  • Trout support application petition,
  • Minutes or sales document showing that the harvested fish is sold,
  • Sales document indicating that the product has been purchased or juvenile fish detection document,
  • If there is membership to a cooperative on fisheries, partnership certificate
  • Feed invoice,

Two percent of support is cut as service costs and the rest of the payment is transferred to the farmers over the accounts of producers through Ziraat Bank, The responsibility for the documents submitted to benefit from the payment belongs to the applicant, In the event that it is determined that an unfair payment is made, as a result of the Law on the Collection Procedure of Public Receivables 6183, these amounts are collected from the person who is paid, together with the delay hikes.

https://www.tarimorman.gov.tr/Konular/Tarimsal-Destekler/Hayvancilik-Desteklemeleri/Su-Urunleri

https://www.tarimorman.gov.tr/Konular/Tarimsal-Destekler/Alan-Bazli-Destekler/Iyi-Tarim-Uygulamalari-Destegi